Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php on line 28

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Strict Standards: Declaration of JParameter::loadSetupFile() should be compatible with JRegistry::loadSetupFile() in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 512

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php:28) in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/admintools/admintools/badbehaviour/screener.inc.php on line 9

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Strict Standards: Declaration of JRouterJoomsef::parse() should be compatible with JRouter::parse(&$uri) in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 361

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRouterJoomsef::build() should be compatible with JRouter::build($url) in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 361

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Strict Standards: Declaration of AdvancedModulesModelModule::validate() should be compatible with JModelForm::validate($form, $data, $group = NULL) in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_advancedmodules/models/module.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Declaration of AdvancedModulesModelModule::cleanCache() should be compatible with JModel::cleanCache($group = NULL, $client_id = 0) in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_advancedmodules/models/module.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/hotlogin/hotlogin.php on line 57

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php on line 122

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php on line 122

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/advancedmodules/advancedmodules.php on line 122

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/mmbackground/mmbackground.php on line 98

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/hotlogin/hotlogin.php on line 88

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/ganalyticstrcode/ganalyticstrcode.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_ganalytics/util/dbutil.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/jdownloads/jdownloads.php on line 164

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/jdownloads/jdownloads.php on line 165

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/jdownloads/jdownloads.php on line 174

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/modulesanywhere/helper.php on line 129

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/content/fb_tw_plus1/fb_tw_plus1.php on line 43

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/modules/mod_roknavmenu/lib/AbstractJoomlaRokMenuFormatter.php on line 14

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/modules/mod_roknavmenu/lib/AbstractJoomlaRokMenuFormatter.php on line 14

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

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Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527
   
   

FAQ  


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527
   

Word Cloud  


Strict Standards: Non-static method modJoesWordCloudHelper::getModuleContent() should not be called statically in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/modules/mod_joeswordcloud/mod_joeswordcloud.php on line 18

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/modules/mod_joeswordcloud/helper.php on line 229
   

Latest Additions  


Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527
   

Criticism of the 'Mental Illness' paradigm


Strict Standards: Non-static method modGoogleNewsHelper::getGoogle() should not be called statically in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/modules/mod_googlenews/mod_googlenews.php on line 25
   

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/content/joocomments/joocomments.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/joomsef/joomsef.php on line 473

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/content/fb_tw_plus1/fb_tw_plus1.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/system/joomsef/joomsef.php on line 473

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/plugins/content/fb_tw_plus1/fb_tw_plus1.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.router.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/administrator/components/com_sef/classes/seftools.php on line 949

Strict Standards: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 378

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/sef.ext.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/billbmn/public_html/wcmi1/components/com_sef/joomsef.php on line 1527

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Not Illness?

Why Not Call it 'Illness'?

Horizon Special - How Mad Are You

Notes on the BBC Feature 'How Mad Are You?

http://tvmultiversity.blogspot.com/2010/04/notes-on-bbc-feature-how-mad-are-you.html

‘How Mad Are You?’ is a two part 2008 BBC Horizon/Discovery Channel Co-Production produced and directed by Rob Liddell. The program explores the relationship between character traits and mental illness and considers the social implications of inaccurate diagnosis of the latter. Ten volunteers, five of whom have been previously diagnosed with psychiatric disorders, are observed and interviewed by a panel of three mental health experts who then venture their diagnoses. The experts include a psychiatrist, a professor of clinical psychology, and a psychiatric nurse. The volunteers and experts have no prior knowledge about one another, and were brought together for this one week study.
The program was inspired by the 1972 ‘Rosenhan Experiment,’ in which the American psychologist David Rosenhan and several associates feigned auditory hallucinations in order to have themselves admitted to psychiatric hospitals. Eight of these ‘pseudopatients’ were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders. Although they ceased displaying any symptoms once admitted to a hospital, they were detained for between 17 and 52 days. None were recognized by hospital staff. The experiment’s results, published in the journal Science in 1973, raised questions about the validity of psychiatric diagnosis.

The program above is split into several pieces - when one finishes , click on the thumbnail labellled  'next'


Part One introduces the three experts and ten volunteers and explains that the goal of the study is to attempt to recognize six forms of mental illness: depression, social anxiety disorder, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder and the eating disorders anorexia and bulimia. The panel of experts has one week of observation to identify whether or not any of the volunteers has one of these illnesses. Before beginning, the panelists discuss the insufficient time for a proper psychiatric diagnosis but appear willing to accept the challenge and lend their expertise to the study.
The ten volunteers complete a variety of tasks designed to determine symptoms of mental illness. The first task is to perform a stand up comedy routine in front of a small audience in a pub. Several of the volunteers have difficulty with this task but for the panel the results are inconclusive. As part of the study the panel makes daily predictions as to which volunteers may later be diagnosed with one or another of the six mental disorders. The second task involves problem solving skills and it utilizes the Wisconsin card sorting test for determining bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The results are also inconclusive but the panel begins to focus attention on one of the volunteers. The third task involves cleaning up after farm animals, after which the panel is allowed to interview one volunteer. This interview yields the first clear indication that one of the volunteers may be suffering from OCD. The interview is followed by an explanation of OCD and a set of short interviews in which the volunteers are asked about their perceptions of one another.
By the end of the fourth task, designed to detect depression, the panel found that their observations contradicted earlier predictions, with the narrator noting ‘greater confusion is not what the panel was hoping for.’ As the panel will attempt their first diagnosis after the next task, they discuss their observations so far, which is made more complicated because none of the volunteers indicates the classic signs of depression. This segment is followed by background information about depression.
After the fifth task, a paintball team competition designed to display leadership and teamwork, the panel selects a single volunteer for an extended interview. They are then asked to make their first diagnosis by identifying one volunteer that they think has a mental disorder and one that appears to be normal. This segment is significant because although the conditions are not optimal for a proper psychiatric diagnosis, psychiatry is a profession and as such is expected by society to produce results. The panel takes this seriously and compares notes on the ten volunteers, because, as the narrator suggests, ‘one person here might be about to discover their mental illness marks them out from the group,’ while another person ‘could be burdened with a label of a disorder they don’t actually have.’
The panel is able to correctly identify the volunteer with OCD, based on their observation of his handling of the farm animal cleanup task, and this is followed by an enlightening discussion with the volunteer about life with OCD, in which he expresses his hope that his participation in the study can encourage other OCD sufferers to come to terms with their disorder and seek treatment. However, the panel was incorrect in their selection of a normal volunteer. Despite three days of intensive observation the panel failed to notice that this volunteer had a history of mental illness. In the follow up interview, the volunteer expresses relief that she was not identified as having a mental disorder, stating that her ‘worst fear was that I would be found out on day one,’ adding that the whole point of the program for her was to ‘show that it isn’t obvious.’ Part One concludes with the panelists reflecting on the study so far, with one expert noting that the latter case ‘refutes the argument that if you have a mental health problem, a) you can tell by looking at someone, and b) your life’s over.’ This is further amplified by the producer and director Rob Liddell, who has suggested that airing such concerns is the point of the program: ‘They all tell a powerful story, that having a mental illness doesn't have to become your defining characteristic and that it shouldn't set you apart in society.’
Part Two opens with a map orienteering task that involves running, teamwork, leadership skills and problem solving, returning to the question of whether or not difficulty with such tasks would be due to mental disorder or simply related to character traits. This again raises the point that diagnoses in this study are based only on observation and interviews over a short period of time, not on the usual clinical procedures. However, the experience remains valuable for what it can reveal about the social implications of labeling and in particular the related problem of social stigma. In fact, the issue of social stigma as the result of diagnosis (correct or incorrect) seemed to be of prime importance to some of the volunteers, while the panel of experts took risks that are potentially present for any mental health professional, that there are social implications of identifying people with disorders, for failing to recognize mental disorders, and in labeling someone with a disorder that they do not have.
The next two segments include the tasks and background information related to bipolar disorder and eating disorders, with the latter involving a body image test that reiterates one main point of the study: whether or not discomfort with a situation is an indication of mental illness. The body image test began with the participants photographing one another in tight fitting attire, followed by a computer test in which they are asked to correct a distorted body image of themselves. This leads to the next major diagnosis in the program, in which the panel correctly identifies a volunteer with anorexia nervosa, and is followed by interviews with the volunteers on life with various disorders.
Designed to test perception of self with others, one of the most interesting tasks utilizes a computer simulation to illicit paranoid reaction, featuring a virtual reality environment that simulates being on a train among strangers. All characters on the virtual train were programmed to be neutral, but volunteers were asked if any stood out or seemed to be looking at them, which was expected to help determine if any volunteers were imagining that they were being watched. This task raised questions about social exclusion versus paranoid delusion, and was followed by information on schizophrenia. The final task considered decision making by observing if any volunteers jumped to conclusions when asked from which jar different colored marbles had been drawn after being shown jars with differing amounts of each color, even though all marbles were actually drawn in the same sequence from a tray, not from the jars initially shown to the subjects. This raises valuable questions about the experimental method, because various responses were evaluated with averages and norms ultimately determining the basis for a diagnosis, as it is with most other medical professions.
After conducting another in-depth interview with a volunteer and after noting that the borderlines between mental illness and health are often arbitrary, the panellists make three wrong diagnoses in a row. They incorrectly concluded that one volunteer had bipolar disorder and another had a mood disorder (although one of these two had indeed suffered from depression), and they incorrectly concluded that one volunteer had a history of schizophrenia, while no such history existed. By the end of the study, the volunteers with OCD and an eating disorder were correctly identified, but two volunteers with mental disorders had remained undetected (those with social anxiety and bipolar disorders), and two others without disorders were wrongly identified as having disorders, while a another was diagnosed with a different disorder than the one that she actually had. In a series of follow up interviews, a few of the volunteers appear to feel vindicated by the inability of the experts to diagnose psychiatric disorders, while one of the panelists admits that ‘we have been humbled.’
Although it appears to unfairly burden the experts who are asked to diagnose with insufficient data, the program makes the broader point that if the experts cannot tell who has a mental illness and who does not through observation then certainly the public ought to refrain from making any such judgments. Perceptions and observations, whether from experts or the public, are not enough to be sure about mental illness, which often takes long term systematic evaluation to determine. At the same time there are very real and potentially damaging social implications of labeling people with a mental illness, because those who are labeled may then become stigmatized while those who are undiagnosed may be reluctant to seek help if they feel revealing their disorder will stigmatize them.
While the program readily acknowledges the limitations of short term observation, there are other equally important issues with this study that are left unacknowledged. For example, gender issues are not explored at all, which seems to be an odd exclusion since the panelists were all male and four of the five volunteers that they identified (either correctly or incorrectly) as having psychiatric disorders were women. Nevertheless, the study is useful in that it has provided insights on various mental illnesses and the diagnostic process, letting both the doctors and patients share their views openly, while its overall message of being prudent in identifying mental illness and tolerant toward those who have mental illness cannot be emphasized enough, and even needs further amplification, because labeling and social stigma remain as serious implications for all mental health practitioners.
‘How Mad Are You’ originally aired on the BBC and affiliate stations in November 2008, and is occasionally available for viewing on various viral media sites. The Rosenhan study, ‘On Being Sane In Insane Places,’ was originally published in the journal Science in January 1973 and is available online, and the quote from Rob Liddell is from his article ‘How Mad Are You?’ on the BBC News website, in its 18 November 2008 Magazinesection.
[This review is by Yusef Progler and was originally published in the Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 14, no. 5, 2009.]

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The British Psychological Society Response to the American Psychiatric Association: DSM-5 Development

British Psychological Society's Response to the American Psychiatric Association: DSM-5 Development


The Society is concerned that clients and the general public are negatively affected by the continued and continuous medicalisation of their natural and normal responses to their experiences; responses which undoubtedly have distressing consequences which demand
helping responses, but which do not reflect illnesses so much as normal individual variation.


We therefore do welcome the proposal to include a profile of rating the severity of different symptoms over the preceding month. This is attractive, not only because it focuses on specific problems (see below), but because it introduces the concept of variability more fully
into the system. That said, we have more concerns than plaudits.


The putative diagnoses presented in DSM-V are clearly based largely on social norms, with 'symptoms' that all rely on subjective judgements, with little confirmatory physical 'signs' or evidence of biological causation. The criteria are not value-free, but rather reflect
current normative social expectations. Many researchers have pointed out that psychiatric diagnoses are plagued by problems of reliability, validity, prognostic value, and co-morbidity.


Diagnostic categories do not predict response to medication or other interventions whereas more specific formulations or symptom clusters might (Moncrieff, 2007).


Finally, disorders categorised as ‘not otherwise specified’ are huge (running at 30% of all personality disorder diagnoses for example).


Personality disorder and psychoses are particularly troublesome as they are not adequately normed on the general population, where community surveys regularly report much higher prevalence and incidence than would be expected. This problem – as well as
threatening the validity of the approach – has significant implications. If community samples show high levels of ‘prevalence’, social factors are minimised, and the continuum with normality is ignored. Then many of the people who describe normal forms of distress
like feeling bereaved after three months, or traumatised by military conflict for more than a month, will meet diagnostic criteria.


In this context, we have significant concerns over consideration of inclusion of both “at-risk mental state” (prodrome) and “attenuated psychosis syndrome”. We recognise that the first proposal has now been dropped – and we welcome this. But the concept of
“attenuated psychosis system” appears very worrying; it could be seen as an opportunity to stigmatize eccentric people, and to lower the threshold for achieving a diagnosis of psychosisDiagnostic systems such as these therefore fall short of the criteria for legitimate medical diagnoses. They certainly identify troubling or troubled people, but do not meet the criteria for categorisation demanded for a field of science or medicine (with a very few exceptions such as dementia.) We are also concerned that systems such as this are based on identifying problems as located within individuals.


This misses the relational context of problems and the undeniable social causation of many such problems. For psychologists, our wellbeing and mental health stem from our frameworks of understanding of the world, frameworks which are themselves the product of the
experiences and learning through our lives.

The Society recommends a revision of the way mental distress is thought about, starting with recognition of the overwhelming evidence that it is on a spectrum with 'normal' experience, and that psychosocial factors such as poverty, unemployment and trauma are the most
strongly-evidenced causal factors. Rather than applying preordained diagnostic categories to clinical populations, we believe that any classification system should begin from the bottom up – starting with specific experiences, problems or ‘symptoms’ or ‘complaints’.
Statistical analyses of problems from community samples show that they do not map onto past or current categories (Mirowsky, 1990, Mirowsky & Ross, 2003). We would like to see the base unit of measurement as specific problems (e.g. hearing voices, feelings of
anxiety etc)? These would be more helpful too in terms of epidemiology.
While some people find a name or a diagnostic label helpful, our contention is that this helpfulness results from a knowledge that their problems are recognised (in both senses of the word) understood, validated, explained (and explicable) and have some relief. Clients
often, unfortunately, find that diagnosis offers only a spurious promise of such benefits. Since – for example – two people with a diagnosis of ‘schizophrenia’ or ‘personality disorder’ may possess no two symptoms in common, it is difficult to see what communicative
benefit is served by using these diagnoses. We believe that a description of a person’s real problems would suffice. Moncrieff and others have shown that diagnostic labels are less useful than a description of a person’s problems for predicting treatment response, so
again diagnoses seem positively unhelpful compared to the alternatives. There is ample evidence from psychological therapies that case formulations (whether from a single theoretical perspective or more integrative) are entirely possible to communicate to staff or
clients.


We therefore believe that alternatives to diagnostic frameworks exist, should be preferred, and should be developed with as much investment of resource and effort as has been expended on revising DSM-IV. The Society would be happy to help in such an exercise..........

Click here for the rest of the document.pdf 

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There is something I don’t know

A Doctor's Life


There is something I don’t know

That I am supposed to know.
I don’t know what it is I don’t know,
And yet am supposed to know,
And I feel I look stupid
If I seem both not to know
And not to know what it is I don’t know.

Therefore, I pretend I know it.
This is nerve-wracking
Since I don’t know what I must pretend
To know.

Therefore, I pretend to know everything.

I feel you know what I am supposed to know
But you can’t tell me what it is
Because you don’t know what I don’t know


What it is.

You may know what I don’t know, but not
That I don’t know it.
And I can’t tell you. So you will have
To tell me everything.

-Dr R D Laing

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Why Not Call it an Illness?

Too Many Pieces ?

"Disease means bodily disease. Gould's Medical Dictionary defines disease as a disturbance of the function or structure of an organ or a part of the body

 

The mind (whatever it is) is not an organ or part of the body. Hence it cannot be diseased in the same sense as the body can.

When we speak of mental illness, then we speak metaphorically. To say that a person's mind is sick is like saying that the economy is sick or that a joke is sick.

When metaphor is mistaken for reality and is used for social purposes, then we have the makings of a myth. The concepts of mental health and mental illness are mythological concepts, used strategically to advance some social interests and to retard others, much as national and religious myths have been used in the past."

Thomas Szasz 1974

For more on this theme, see 

"Is Depression A Disease?"

http://www.szasz.com/isdepressionadiseasetranscript.html


British Psychological Society's Response to the American Psychiatric Association: DSM-5 Development

The Society is concerned that clients and the general public are negatively affected by the continued and continuous medicalisation of their natural and normal responses to their experiences; responses which undoubtedly have distressing consequences which demand
helping responses, but which do not reflect illnesses so much as normal individual variation.


We therefore do welcome the proposal to include a profile of rating the severity of different symptoms over the preceding month. This is attractive, not only because it focuses on specific problems (see below), but because it introduces the concept of variability more fully
into the system. That said, we have more concerns than plaudits.


The putative diagnoses presented in DSM-V are clearly based largely on social norms, with 'symptoms' that all rely on subjective judgements, with little confirmatory physical 'signs' or evidence of biological causation. The criteria are not value-free, but rather reflect
current normative social expectations. Many researchers have pointed out that psychiatric diagnoses are plagued by problems of reliability, validity, prognostic value, and co-morbidity.


Diagnostic categories do not predict response to medication or other interventions whereas more specific formulations or symptom clusters might (Moncrieff, 2007).


Finally, disorders categorised as ‘not otherwise specified’ are huge (running at 30% of all personality disorder diagnoses for example).


Personality disorder and psychoses are particularly troublesome as they are not adequately normed on the general population, where community surveys regularly report much higher prevalence and incidence than would be expected. This problem – as well as
threatening the validity of the approach – has significant implications. If community samples show high levels of ‘prevalence’, social factors are minimised, and the continuum with normality is ignored. Then many of the people who describe normal forms of distress
like feeling bereaved after three months, or traumatised by military conflict for more than a month, will meet diagnostic criteria.


In this context, we have significant concerns over consideration of inclusion of both “at-risk mental state” (prodrome) and “attenuated psychosis syndrome”. We recognise that the first proposal has now been dropped – and we welcome this. But the concept of
“attenuated psychosis system” appears very worrying; it could be seen as an opportunity to stigmatize eccentric people, and to lower the threshold for achieving a diagnosis of psychosisDiagnostic systems such as these therefore fall short of the criteria for legitimate medical diagnoses. They certainly identify troubling or troubled people, but do not meet the criteria for categorisation demanded for a field of science or medicine (with a very few exceptions such as dementia.) We are also concerned that systems such as this are based on identifying problems as located within individuals.


This misses the relational context of problems and the undeniable social causation of many such problems. For psychologists, our wellbeing and mental health stem from our frameworks of understanding of the world, frameworks which are themselves the product of the
experiences and learning through our lives.

The Society recommends a revision of the way mental distress is thought about, starting with recognition of the overwhelming evidence that it is on a spectrum with 'normal' experience, and that psychosocial factors such as poverty, unemployment and trauma are the most
strongly-evidenced causal factors. Rather than applying preordained diagnostic categories to clinical populations, we believe that any classification system should begin from the bottom up – starting with specific experiences, problems or ‘symptoms’ or ‘complaints’.
Statistical analyses of problems from community samples show that they do not map onto past or current categories (Mirowsky, 1990, Mirowsky & Ross, 2003). We would like to see the base unit of measurement as specific problems (e.g. hearing voices, feelings of
anxiety etc)? These would be more helpful too in terms of epidemiology.
While some people find a name or a diagnostic label helpful, our contention is that this helpfulness results from a knowledge that their problems are recognised (in both senses of the word) understood, validated, explained (and explicable) and have some relief. Clients
often, unfortunately, find that diagnosis offers only a spurious promise of such benefits. Since – for example – two people with a diagnosis of ‘schizophrenia’ or ‘personality disorder’ may possess no two symptoms in common, it is difficult to see what communicative
benefit is served by using these diagnoses. We believe that a description of a person’s real problems would suffice. Moncrieff and others have shown that diagnostic labels are less useful than a description of a person’s problems for predicting treatment response, so
again diagnoses seem positively unhelpful compared to the alternatives. There is ample evidence from psychological therapies that case formulations (whether from a single theoretical perspective or more integrative) are entirely possible to communicate to staff or
clients.


We therefore believe that alternatives to diagnostic frameworks exist, should be preferred, and should be developed with as much investment of resource and effort as has been expended on revising DSM-IV. The Society would be happy to help in such an exercise.

Click here for the document.pdf 



 

A Brief On Biopsychiatry


"Biological psychiatry (biopsychiatry for short) assumes that problems in living, or perceived failures in social adjustment, are due to biological and/or genetic defects. Social and psychological distress, and challenges in personal growth and transformation are reduced to the chemical imbalance theory and the bad gene theory. This pseudoscientific theory justifies the practical mainstays of psychiatric practice—drugs and electroshock. Incredibly, there is complete lack of scientific proof of these two postulates and the absence of any objective test or indicator of “mental illness.”

See, for example, the work of Jay Joseph (2004) on the bad gene theory.

Robert Whitaker’s new book, The Anatomy of an Epidemic (2010), is an excellent source on the failed chemical imbalance theory, and on the damage done by the licentious use of psychiatric drugs. Peter Breggin’s books are another excellent source. Breggin argues that psychiatric drugs and electroshock “work” by disabling brain and nervous system functioning; his latest, Medication Madness(2008), shows how psychiatric drugs severely impede awareness and responsibility, and so often lead to severe impairment and personal troubles and tragedy.

A very short summary of Whitaker’s book is as follows: 1)    Scientific research fails to validate biopsychiatric theory; 2)    Psychiatric drugs generally do not work any better than placebo; 3)    Psychiatric drugs are very damaging, creating all kinds of real biological damage and disease; 4)    Use of psychiatric drugs makes positive growth and transformation less likely; 5)    Use of psychiatric drugs is largely responsible for the fact that the numbers are now approaching 1 in 50 adult Americans on permanent disability due to “mental illness;” hence the book title, Anatomy of an Epidemic. As astounding as it may seem in light of the propaganda stream, not one problem routinely seen by psychiatrists has been scientifically demonstrated to be of biological or genetic origin.

Not one diagnosis of “mental illness” can be made by an objective finding of physical or chemical abnormality.

Besides the physical damage caused by the drug “treatments” and the disability documented by Whitaker, we would add that the emotional, mental, social and relational damage caused by the beliefs and practices of biopsychiatry are also vast and tragic (Breeding, 2000).

Further, the “treatment of next resort,” electroshock, always causes brain damage and memory loss, sometimes causes death and doesn’t work. See Linda Andre’s book,Doctors of Deception(2009), and the website of the Coalition for the Abolition of Electroshock in Texas (www.endofshock.com), for thorough information on electroshock.

There is one more key piece to consider in an article that addresses the subject of mental health screening. Unlike the general field of medicine, psychiatry embraces coercion, the deliberate and systematic violation of liberty.

The state psychiatric function of civil commitment utterly erodes the constitutional right of liberty for those judged as “mentally ill.”

Together with the insanity defense, these two ubiquitous government psychiatric acts destroy the self-determination and accountability of citizens. Involuntary commitment really means incarceration and poisoning of innocent citizens, and the insanity defense really means destruction of the virtues of personal accountability and responsibility.

Reading the work of Thomas Szasz (www.szasz.com) is the surest way to see through the obfuscating claims to virtue that justify incarcerating and forcibly drugging (or electroshocking) citizens who have not committed a crime. Bottom line: it is crucial to recognize and acknowledge that self-determination all too often gets overrun once an individual is labeled “mentally ill,” and that this includes mothers and children.

http://uniteforlife.wordpress.com/2010/11/08/relentless-and-tragic-marketing-psychiatric-drugs-from-before-the-cradle-to-the-grave-by-john-breeding-phd-and-amy-philo/



 

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